The functionality of a washing machine isn’t as complex as you may think. Each cycle follows a similar procedure to achieve the final result.
As you place your clothes in your washing machine, close the door and press start, have you ever actually wondered how the process works? Find out how with our breakdown:
- At the back of your washing machine there are hot and cold water inlet.
- The valves open to let the water flow into the detergent draw.
- The detergent is washed down through the pipe into the drum.
- There are two types of drums- an outer plastic watertight tub and an inner metal drum with holes in to let water flow through.
- Water that sits in the bottom of the drum is heated up by an inner element.
- Water fills up a pressure chamber which squeezes air up to the water level regulator when full.
- Once there is enough water in the drums, this then tells the solenoid valves to switch off and stop the water flow.
- The large weight on the front and top of the washing machine drum gives the appliance stability which stops it moving too much when it is on its fastest spin cycle.
- The motor (that causes the washing machine to spin) is bolted to the bottom of the tub which also acts as a counter weight.
- The motor turns the belt and pulley which are attached to the drum through a water tight seal and a set of bearings.
- Once a cycle is over the machine is emptied by the drain pump which pumps away waste water through the waste pipe.
- The front of the drain pump has a filter that catches debris which stops it going through the pump.
- One of the most functional parts of the washing machine is the control module which controls when to let water in and drain out, water temperature, speed of the drum at the end of the cycle and also the door interlock.
Now that you know how a washing machine works here are some tips for getting the best results when washing each load.
- Sort your wash loads by colours and whites; you surely won’t want your white shirt turning pink by a red sock!
- Sort your loads by the relevant temperature needed as some fabrics will require a higher or lower setting than others.
- Always read the care labels on garments in order to sustain the garment quality.
- Do not overload your washing machine; overloading will prevent garments tumbling properly which will result in poorer wash results. It could also lead to machine damage.
- Make sure that you choose the appropriate wash cycle for the types of fabric you are washing. Using the wrong wash cycle will result in your clothes looking worn and old quicker.
- Select the right detergent for your wash load.
Read on to find on how to install a washing machine.